Framing and Tracking 21st Century Climate Adaptation: Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning for Paris, the SDGs and Beyond

Nick Brooks, Simon Anderson, Illari Aragon, Barry Smith, Tracy Kajumba, Emilie Beauchamp, Stefano d’Errico, Neha Rai
Posted on: 5/29/2024 - Updated on: 5/29/2024

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Current trends suggests global warming is likely to exceed 2°C by mid-century. The Paris Agreement and the 2030 deadline for meeting the SDGs provide a framework for adaptation action in the short term, but beyond that, incremental approaches will need to be complemented by transformational adaptation involving the radical restructuring, replacement or abandonment of systems, processes and practices that are no longer viable under new climatic conditions.

There is an urgent need for frameworks to help countries meet their adaptation obligations under the Paris Agreement while preparing for warming that breaches the Paris temperature thresholds. Countries will need to track their adaptation activities to determine what does and does not work, identify good practice, and capture lessons that can inform adaptation planning, design and implementation. They will also need to report on these activities at the global level. 

We have created a framework for developing climate adaptation monitoring, evaluation and learning systems, or CAMELS, that can support countries in all of these tasks at the global level. The approach used ensures that adaptation addresses the potential magnitude of warming, and that adaptation actions are linked to specific risks, impacts and needs. It also ensures that adaptation is inclusive and transparent, is based on sound data and methods, and actively supports development needs, priorities and goals.


Brooks, N, Anderson, S, Aragon, I, Smith, B, Kajumba, T, Beauchamp, E, d’Errico, S and Rai, N (2019). Framing and tracking 21st century climate adaptation: monitoring, evaluation and learning for Paris, the SDGs and beyond. IIED Working Paper. IIED, London.

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