Global patterns of adaptation to climate change by Indigenous Peoples and local communities: A systematic review

Anna Schlingmann, Sonia Graham, Petra Benyei, et al.
Created: 9/30/2021 -

Abstract

Indigenous Peoples and local communities have implemented myriad responses to deal with and mitigate climate change impacts. However, little effort has been invested in compiling, aggregating, and systematizing such responses to assess global patterns in local adaptation. Drawing on a systematic review of 119 peer-reviewed publications with 1851 reported local responses to climate change impacts, we show that Indigenous Peoples and local communities across the world apply a diverse portfolio of activities to address climate change impacts. While many responses involve changes to natural resource based livelihoods, about one-third of responses involve other activities (e.g. networking, off-farm work). Globally, local responses to climate change impacts are more likely to be shaped by people’s livelihood than by the climate zone where they live.

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Keywords

Adaptation Phase
Assessment
Scale
Community / Local
Tribal / First Nation
Sector Addressed
Agriculture
Aquaculture
Culture/communities
Economics
Fisheries
Rural / Indigenous Livelihoods
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Incorporate climate change into harvest/take policies
Reduce local climate or related change
Other
Capacity Building
Conduct / Gather additional research, data, and products
Create/enhance resources and tools
Governance and Policy
Create new or enhance existing policies or regulations
Target Climate Changes and Impacts
Culture / communities
Economics
Fire
Flooding
Precipitation
Snowpack
Other
Habitat/Biome Type
Coastal
Intertidal
Terrestrial
Desert
Forest
Grassland
Sociopolitical Setting
Rural
Region
International