A Guiding Frame for Mainstreaming Biodiversity and Development Into National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs)

IUCN - Regional Biodiversity Programme, Asia, Sri Lanka
Created: 7/14/2014 -


Climate change and desertification/land degradation can adversely affect natural resources and ecosystems thus decreasing biological diversity. At the same time, conservation and management of biodiversity can increase ecosystems’ resilience thus lowering their vulnerability to climate change. One of the identified areas for possible synergies is adaptation to the adverse effects of climate change, which is a necessity regardless of the level of action taken to mitigate global warming. Activities that promote adaptation to climate change can also contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and sustainable land management. So far the UNFCCC process has progressed farthest in the implementation of adaptation activities in least developed countries (LDCs), whereby a process to prepare and implement National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) has been established to help communicate the urgent and immediate needs of LDCs relating to adaptation. NAPAs offer opportunities to identify and utilize synergies between the three Rio conventions. In accordance with the NAPA guidelines, NAPAs should build upon existing plans such as National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) under CBD; National Action Plans (NAPs) under UNCCD as well as other sustainable development plans and poverty reduction strategies. Given that all relevant stakeholders are involved during the preparation of NAPAs, a holistic bottom-up approach focussing on vulnerable livelihoods and ecosystems can be ensured thus enhancing the utilization of synergies.

This publication is a part of an effort to support national adaptation planning based on local needs and to conserve natural resources. We hope that this publication will help countries develop their NAPAs in a significant way.


The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) helps the world find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environment and development challenges. It supports scientific research, manages field projects all over the world and brings governments, non-government organizations, United Nations agencies, companies and local communities together to develop and implement policy, laws and best practice.


Adaptation Phase
Multilateral / Transboundary
Sector Addressed
Conservation / Restoration
Land Use Planning
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Incorporate climate-smart guidelines into restoration
Incorporate future conditions into natural resources planning and policies
Capacity Building
Governance and Policy
Target Climate Changes and Impacts

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