The Honolulu Declaration on Ocean Acidification and Reef Management

Ken Anthony, Billy Causey, Eric Conklin, Annick Cros, Richard A. Feely, John Guinotte, Gretchen Hofmann, Paul Jokiel, Joan Kleypas, Paul Marshall, Elizabeth McLeod, Rod Salm, John Veron
Posted on: 7/14/2014 - Updated on: 3/06/2020

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The growing threat of climate change combined with escalating anthropogenic stressors on coral reefs requires a response that is both proactive and adaptive. To respond to this challenge, The Nature Conservancy convened a group of global ocean experts in Honolulu, Hawaii from August 12-14, 2008. The workshop participants included oceanographers, climate experts, marine scientists, and coral reef managers from around the world. The declaration identifies two major strategies that must be implemented urgently and concurrently to mitigate the impacts of climate change and to safeguard the value of coral reef systems: 1) limit fossil fuel emissions; 2) build the resilience of tropical marine ecosystems and communities to maximize their ability to resist and recover from climate change impacts.


McLeod, E., Salm, R.V., Anthony, K., Causey, B., Conklin, E., Cros, A., Feely, R., Guinotte, J., Hofmann, G., Hoffman, J., Jokiel, P., Kleypas, J., Marshall, P., and Veron, C. (2008). The Honolulu Declaration on Ocean Acidification and Reef Management. The Nature Conservancy, USA, and IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. Retrieved from CAKEĀ

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The Nature Conservancy is the leading conservation organization working around the world to protect ecologically important lands and waters for nature and people.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) helps the world find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environment and development challenges. It supports scientific research, manages field projects all over the world and brings governments, non-government organizations, United Nations agencies, companies and local communities together to develop and implement policy, laws and best practice.