Identify and Protect Potential Refugia: An Adaptation Brief
The Adaptation Briefs demonstrate how different adaptation strategies reduce vulnerabilities to key climate stressors and include case studies where these strategies have been implemented. The briefs complement the Climate Adaptation Toolkit, which contains tools to help MPA practitioners evaluate the vulnerability of their sites to climate change and identify appropriate adaptation strategies.
This brief highlights examples of adaptation actions that identify and protect potential refugia.
Although climate change impacts are already being felt globally and are expected to increase over the coming century, these impacts are not equally distributed across all coastal and marine habitats. Climate change “refugia” is a term used to describe locations that are buffered from rapid changes and climate extremes, facilitating the persistence of sensitive habitats and species.
Featured Case Studies:
- Conserving California's Coastal Habitats (California, United States)
- Promoting Resilience in the Mesoamerican Reef (Mesoamerican Reef along the coasts of Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras)
- Identifying Potential Marine Climate Change Refugia in Canada's Pacific Marine Ecosystems (Northeast Pacific Ocean of Canada)
About the MPA Toolkit
This brief is based on adaptation strategies and case studies from the Climate Adaptation Toolkit for Marine and Coastal Protected Areas (MPA Toolkit), an online resource created to make climate adaptation planning a simple, direct, and feasible process for marine protected area managers. The MPA Toolkit contains:
- A step-by-step guide to undertaking a Rapid Vulnerability Assessment for marine and coastal areas
- Structured and searchable adaptation strategy ideas with supporting case studies, reports and tools
- Foundational adaptation resources
- Selected experts who can be contacted for technical guidance