Information Paper on Linkages Between Adaptation and Mitigation: Information Paper by the Adaptation Committee

UNFCCC Adaptation Committee
Posted on: 1/22/2024 - Updated on: 1/29/2024

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Abstract

This paper elaborates on the adaptation and mitigation linkages, and on their interrelationship with sustainable development. Its purpose is to increase understanding of how linkages have been the UNFCCC, including associated synergies and trade-offs.

As part of its 2019-2021 flexible workplan, in particular its workstream on “Providing technical support and guidance to Parties on adaptation action” and the objective of “Enhancing the provision of technical support to developing country Parties for adaptation action in a coherent manner”, the Adaptation Committee (AC) agreed to prepare an information paper on linkages between adaptation and mitigation.

Climate change is a threat to equitable and sustainable development. Adaptation, mitigation and sustainable development are inextricably connected, with potential for synergies and trade-offs. 

The Paris Agreement emphasizes the intrinsic relationship that climate change actions, responses and impacts have with equitable access to sustainable development and eradication of poverty. Mitigation action to hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels will limit climate change risks and impacts. Adaptation action to enhance adaptive capacity, strengthen resilience, and reduce vulnerability to climate change will also contribute to climate-resilient pathways for sustainable development.

This issue has also received considerable attention in scientific literature, including recent IPCC reports, which described linkages between adaptation and mitigation in the context of sustainable development. This paper elaborates on the adaptation and mitigation linkages, and on their interrelationship with sustainable development.

Affiliated Organizations

UNFCCC stands for United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Convention has near universal membership (198 Parties) and is the parent treaty of the 2015 Paris Agreement. The main aim of the Paris Agreement is to keep the global average temperature rise this century as close as possible to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The UNFCCC is also the parent treaty of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.