Methodologies for Reviewing the Adequacy and Effectiveness of Adaptation and Support: Reference Paper

UNFCCC Adaptation Committee
Posted on: 1/08/2024 - Updated on: 4/15/2024



The Conference of the Parties (COP) at its twenty-first session requested the Adaptation Committee (AC) and the Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG) to, jointly with the Standing Committee on Finance (SCF) and other relevant institutions, develop methodologies and make recommendations on reviewing the adequacy and effectiveness of adaptation and support as part of the global stocktake (GST) as referred to in Article 7, paragraph 14 (c), of the Paris Agreement. The CMA, at its first session, considered the recommendations that the AC and the LEG provided based on the work undertaken in response to the mandate, and noted that the current state of knowledge was insufficient to address the mandate. It invited Parties, academia and other stakeholders to undertake further technical work and invited the AC and the LEG, in collaboration with the SCF and relevant experts, to contribute to the technical work by continuing to compile existing methodologies.

In response, the AC and the LEG, from 2020 to 2023 and in collaboration with the SCF, compiled existing methodologies, based on desktop studies and on the submissions received in response to decision 11/CMA.1, para. 36, and established a joint working group to advise the three bodies on the further work required to fulfil their mandate.

This paper comprises the compilation of methodologies as of July 2023 alongside lessons learned, gaps and challenges identified through their application at different levels. It reflects the considerations by the AC, the LEG and the SCF, along with their joint working group, on the purpose, principles and scope of the review and on its overall context and potential sources of information. It presents additional considerations and proposals for conducting the global review as expressed by Parties and other stakeholders under the technical dialogues of the global stocktake, the work programme on the global goal on adaptation and in other recent discussions. Finally, it outlines opportunities in drawing on and refining the existing methodologies and in conducting additional work with a view to informing and shaping the global review over time.

Findings of their work to date in response to the open mandate have been provided by the AC, the LEG and the SCF as an input to the third meeting of the technical dialogue under the global stocktake convened in June 2023.

Affiliated Organizations

UNFCCC stands for United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Convention has near universal membership (198 Parties) and is the parent treaty of the 2015 Paris Agreement. The main aim of the Paris Agreement is to keep the global average temperature rise this century as close as possible to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The UNFCCC is also the parent treaty of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.

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