Monitoring and Evaluating Climate Adaptation Activities: A Reference Guide for City Managers

Sara Mills-Knapp and Owen Scott
Created: 2/26/2020 -


This reference guide is for city managers and other city staff who are creating a citywide climate adaptation monitoring and evaluation (M&E) program.The guide details essential components of an adaptation M&E framework and provides a structure for cities to plan and implement an adaptation M&E framework.

This should not be considered a sequential step-by- step guide; components need to be planned for and developed in parallel, as many are interdependent.

This guide complements USAID’s Resilience Measurement Practical Guidance Note series, USAID’s Best Practices in Monitoring and Evaluation of Urban Climate Adaptation (2019) and other USAID monitoring, evaluation and learning (MEL) guidance and templates. Some of the examples, links and resources focus more broadly on resilience measurement, not specifically on climate adaptation, as the adaptation measurement field is less well developed. In addition, non-urban donor tools and examples were included where applicable due to a limited number of urban-focused tools and examples.

Published On


Adaptation Phase
Community / Local
Sector Addressed
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Capacity Building
Monitor climate change impacts and adaptation efficacy
Governance and Policy
Develop / implement adaptation plans
North America
United States