The Nexus Between Land Degradation Climate Change, and Migration in Central Asia

Olga Andreeva, Alexander Sebentsov, German Kust, Vladimir Kolosov, Vasiliy Lobkovskiy, Nikita Mkrtchyan, Rysbek Apas, Kholnazar Muhabbatov, Ansor Niyozov
Posted on: 10/10/2023 - Updated on: 11/06/2023

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The challenge of land degradation and desertification has long been observed in Central Asia, which include Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan. In many areas of Central Asia, degradation has rendered much of the land infertile precipitating voluntary migration. However, a warming climate could eventually result in forced migration becoming the new norm.

This study analyses the reasons behind labour migration in connection with land management and climate change and explores the ways to address the related challenges. This report presents key insights and offers practical recommendations. More comprehensive results will be presented in a dedicated monograph and various journal articles. The study’s outcomes could serve as the foundation for a conceptual project that could potentially be carried out in collaboration with the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). 

The objective was to develop a multidisciplinary research platform for further interregional cooperation between Central Asian countries and the Russian Federation in the area of land degradation, adaptation to climate change, migration, and the nexus between these issues, as well as helping to achieve the objectives of the UNCCD Strategy for 2018-2030 and Sustainable Development Goals Target 15.3.


Andreeva O., Sebentsov A., Kust G., Kolosov V. et al. (2022). The Nexus Between Land Degradation, Climate Change and Migration in Central Asia. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification. Institute of Geography of Russian Academy of Sciences.

Affiliated Organizations

Institute of Geography of Russian Academy of Sciences

Affiliated Organizations

The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification is a Convention to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought through national action programs that incorporate long-term strategies supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements. 

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