The North Carolina Enhanced Hazard Mitigation Plan is a federally mandated plan that identifies hazards that could potentially affect North Carolina and identifies actions to reduce the loss of life and property from a disaster across the state. The plan is required to have the following components as mandated in the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000: Planning Process, Risk Assessment, Mitigation Strategies, Coordination of Local Plans; Plan Maintenance; and Plan Adoption and Assurances. All of the requirements for each section are further defined in the 44 CFR §201.4, the FEMA State Plan Review Guide and the FEMA State Plan Review Tool.
The North Carolina Enhanced Hazard Mitigation Plan also serves as the Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment or HIRA that informs all other State Emergency Management Plans. While the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 only requires natural hazards to be identified in the 322 Plan, North Carolina Emergency Management has determined it will be the sole hazard identification and risk assessment source for all hazards. Therefore, the North Carolina Enhanced Hazard Mitigation Plan also includes technological, manmade and human caused hazards.
The 2018 version of this plan represents a shift in format and organization from previous versions. The intent of these changes is to help improve the readability and flow of the plan. Therefore, all sections of the plan have undergone revisions for the 2018 update.