Out Of Harm’s Way: Relocation Strategies To Reduce Flood Risk

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Created: 4/27/2020 -


Kinston, a city of about 20,000 in Lenoir County, North Carolina, suffered repeated flood losses during the 1990s. After Hurricanes Fran, Dennis, and Floyd damaged or flooded more than 75 percent of the county’s homes, the community embarked upon a comprehensive approach to improve resilience. Flood-prone properties were purchased, and whole neighborhoods were relocated to higher ground. As a result, natural floodplain functions were restored, and the purchase of the first 100 homes saved approximately $6 million in avoided flood losses during the next big storm.


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Adaptation Phase
Sharing Lessons
Community / Local
Sector Addressed
Disaster Risk Management
Land Use Planning
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Managed retreat of built infrastructure, relocation of people/communities
North America
United States

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