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Planning Climate Resilient Cities: Early Lessons from Early Adapters

JoAnn Carmin
Created: 2/19/2014 - Updated: 8/12/2019


Climate change is expected to place increasing stress on the built and natural environments of cities as well as create new challenges for the provision of urban services and management systems. Minimizing the impacts of climate change requires that cities develop and implement adaptation plans. Despite the imperative, only a small number of cities have initiated the adaptation planning process. Drawing on theories of diffusion and capacity, and empirical assessments of initiatives in Durban, South Africa and Quito, Ecuador, this paper examines two questions:

  • What is driving cities to initiate climate adaptation planning?
  • What is enabling the efforts of early adapters to take root?

Published On

Monday, June 15, 2009


Community / Local
Sector Addressed: 
Development (socioeconomic)
Land Use Planning
Target Climate Changes and Impacts: 
Culture / communities
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy: 
Infrastructure, Planning, and Development
Community Planning (developing climate-smart communities)
Governance and Policy
Develop / implement adaptation plans
Sociopolitical Setting: 

Related Resources

Sector Addressed: 
Development (socioeconomic)
Land Use Planning
Transportation / Infrastructure

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