Coral Triangle Initiative

From the Introduction:

The Coral Triangle encompasses almost six million square kilometers of ocean and coastal waters surrounding Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste. It is considered the global epicenter of marine biodiversity—home to over 500 species of reefbuilding corals and 3,000 species of fish. The cumulative impacts of unplanned coastal development, over-fishing, habitat degradation, and climate change threaten the health and welfare, food security, and livelihoods of over 120 million people that live in coastal zone.

Increasing carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are driving change in the physical and chemical characteristics of marine and coastal environments in Coral Triangle. Warming and acidifying oceans may eliminate coral dominated reefs, decimate mangrove systems, and eliminate seagrass beds. These changes will dramatically affect coastal communities and ecosystems in the Coral Triangle.

This Region-wide Early Action Plan for Climate Change Adaptation (REAP-CCA) sets forth urgent and immediate actions that need to be taken across the Coral Triangle to build coastal community resilience to climate change.

Published On


Multilateral / Transboundary
Sector Addressed
Conservation / Restoration
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Natural Resource Management / Conservation
Incorporate climate-smart guidelines into restoration
Incorporate future conditions into natural resources planning and policies
Incorporate climate change into harvest/take policies
Capacity Building
Conduct / Gather additional research, data, and products
Conduct vulnerability assessments and studies
Infrastructure, Planning, and Development
Community Planning (developing climate-smart communities)
Governance and Policy
Maintain adequate financial resources for adaptation
Target Climate Changes and Impacts
Culture / communities
Flow patterns
Ocean acidification
Sea level rise
Storms or extreme weather events
Water temperature
Hawaii & Pacific Islands