This Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (SROCC) was prepared following an IPCC Panel decision in 2016 to prepare three Special Reports during the Sixth Assessment Cycle. By assessing new scientific literature, the SROCC responds to government and observer organization proposals. The SROCC follows the other two Special Reports on Global Warming of 1.5°C (SR1.5) and on Climate Change and Land (SRCCL) and the Intergovernmental Science Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.
This Summary for Policymakers (SPM) compiles key findings of the report and is structured in three parts: SPM.A: Observed changes and impacts, SPM.B: Projected changes and risks, and SPM.C: Implementing Responses to Ocean and Cryosphere Change. Confidence in key findings is reported using IPCC calibrated language and the underlying scientific basis for each key finding is indicated by references to sections of the underlying report.