Growing conditions for agriculture are diverse in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB), from the mountainous areas of Lao PDR and the Central Highlands in Vietnam to the lowland plains in the Mekong Delta. Farming systems range from traditional shifting agriculture systems dominated by upland rice through industrial plantations, including smallholder intensive rice farmers.
Agriculture is a dynamic sector in the LMB. The production of the major crops has doubled in the last 20 years. The increase in production is resulting from an intensification of production, which is reflected in higher yields rather than strong growth in cultivated area. However, new areas for cultivation are opening in Lao PDR, the Vietnamese Central Highlands, and Cambodia. Meanwhile available arable land in Northeast Thailand is decreasing.
This baseline report provides a detailed summary of the issues and trends described above by ecozone.