3. Knowledge, Products & Services

Participants were also asked what information they currently use to make decisions. Most frequently mentioned types of resources used include best practices and lessons learned from other professionals, knowledge of community members and peers, and environmental, climate, and/or economic justice and equity information (Table 5).

Table 5. Resources currently used to make decisions by survey respondents (n=171).

Best practices and lessons learned
Knowledge of stakeholders and community members
Environmental, climate, and/or economic justice and equity information
Knowledge from my peers
Case studies
Spatial data
Grey literature (e.g., agency plans)
Land cover and use data
Scientific literature
Models (e.g., atmospheric, ecosystem, economic)



Additional resources needed to better address displacement pressures in a changing climate include case study examples from on-the-ground initiatives; example policies, ordinances, and model codes; trainings and webinars, and information on how to better communicate climate change to and engage the public (Table 6).

Table 6. Resources needed to more effectively take action on climate change as expressed by survey respondents (n=171).

Best practices/case studies
Example policies, ordinances, and model codes
Trainings, workshops, or webinars
Information on how to communicate climate change to the public and engage stakeholders
Guidance on how to integrate climate change into displacement work
Peer-to-peer learning networks




Participants were also asked to identify specific resources and tools they use to make decisions on climate change (Table 7).

Table 7. Resources and tools used by respondents.

Urban Sustainability Directors Network

Headwaters Economics

Climate-Smart Cities Program


CalEnviroScreen 3.0



National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network

GreenTRIP Connect


Our Communities, Our Power: Advancing Resistance and Resilience in Climate Change Adaptation Toolkit

The Urban Sustainability Directors Network is a group of local government professionals from the United States and Canada dedicated to sharing best practices and advancing sustainability.

Headwaters Economics is a nonprofit that supports community land-use planning and management through research on economic development, energy, equity, and public lands.

The Trust for Public Land's Climate-Smart CitiesTM Program helps communities develop and utilize parks and open space as green infrastructure. Partner cities include Boston, Los Angeles, Richmond, Cleveland, and New Orleans.

The California Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment created the California Communities Environmental Health Screening Tool to help users easily identify communities disproportionately affected by pollution.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention runs the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network to track health and environmental data from national, state, and local sources for public use.

TransForm created GreenTRIP Connect to help community members calculate carbon footprints and identify carbon reduction measures.

The NAACP Environmental and Climate Justice Program created this toolkit to help frontline communities create transformative change. Modules are shared on creating community working groups, developing community climate adaptation plans, enacting legislation, communicating climate resilience, building public awareness, creating local food initiatives, and creating resilient transportation systems, among others.