Climate Change and Health: A Tool to Estimate Health and Adaptation

World Health Organization

Created: 6/28/2019 - Updated: 6/28/2019


The WHO Regional Office for Europe prepared this economic analysis tool to support health adaptation planning in European Member States. It is based on a review of the science. It is expected to be applied in Member States mainly by line ministries responsible for climate change adaptation. It provides step-by-step guidance on estimating (a) the costs associated with damage to health due to climate change, (b) the costs for adaptation in various sectors to protect health from climate change and (c) the efficiency of adaptation measures, i.e. the cost of adaptation versus the expected returns, or averted health costs. The tool consists of a document describing the methods step-by-step and a manual with an Excel spreadsheet, which is a visual aid for calculating costs. To obtain the Excel spreadsheet, please send an e-mail to


Scale of Project
Multilateral / Transboundary
Regional / Subnational
Sector Addressed
Public Health
Target Climate Changes and Impacts
Public health risks
Type of Tool
Adaptation Planning / Decision Support
Decision Support
Type of Adaptation Action/Strategy
Capacity Building
Governance and Policy
Maintain adequate financial resources for adaptation
Tool Cost