Green Infrastructure Effectiveness Database

Posted on: 3/14/2023 - Updated on: 3/14/2023

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Green infrastructure—defined here as natural and nature-based techniques that maintain ecosystem functions, or that incorporate engineered systems to mimic natural processes—is a promising option for protecting lives, property, and built infrastructure from the damaging impacts of severe weather events, as well as long-term environmental changes.

The database contains records from a wide range of sources including peer-reviewed journals, online tools, and gray literature, and provides information on 32 different coastal green infrastructure types. The green infrastructure techniques referenced cover a full range of approaches to coastal management, including natural (e.g., wetlands, coral reefs) and nature-based (e.g., low-impact development, living shorelines). 

It includes basic information from each literature source, key findings, identification of characteristics that influence effectiveness, and a link to the original source if it is available. The records will help users discover whether they want to explore the original sources; however, specific information should not be cited from the database records without reading the original literature source. The database can also be used to quickly ascertain the scope of literature, general trends in information, and existing gaps in research and reporting.

Search this online database for information on the:

  • Effectiveness of green infrastructure to reduce the impacts of flooding and erosion
  • Economics of green infrastructure (e.g., cost-benefit analysis)

This Database Features:

  • Literature on the effectiveness and economics of green infrastructure for coastal resilience
  • The ability to filter by hazard, green infrastructure technique, method (e.g., field measurements, modeling, economic analysis), literature source type, and geography
  • A summary, for each entry, with key findings, measures of effectiveness, co-benefits, and other helpful information
  • Links to the full literature resource and the ability to share results of a search with others


Coastal managers, planners, and decision makers who need ready access to information on how, where, and under what conditions to use green infrastructure techniques for improving resilience to coastal hazards.

Managing Organizations

The National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science deliver ecosystem science solutions to sustain thriving coastal communities and economies. We provide coastal managers the information and tools they need to balance society's environmental, social, and economic goals.

Abt’s mission is to improve the quality of life and economic well-being of people worldwide.

We apply our energy and creativity to helping our customers—governments, businesses, and private organizations—make better decisions and deliver better products and services by providing them with the highest quality research, technical assistance, and consulting services available in the marketplace.

Established in October 2005, NOAA's Climate Program Office (CPO) provides strategic guidance and oversight for the agency's climate science and services programs. Designed to build knowledge of climate variability and change—and how they affect our health, our economy, and our future—the CPO's programs have three main objectives:

ERG was founded in 1984 by President David Meyers and a small group of associates in Cambridge, Massachusetts. We grew steadily over the years, expanding our staff to more than 350 professionals while diversifying our consulting services. In 2010, ERG became part of the U.K.-based company AEA Technology, tripling our staff and enhancing our environmental and energy-related capabilities. But our priorities haven’t changed. People still come first.

This organization was established in 2014 when NOAA combined two offices: the Coastal Services Center and the Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management. The basic missions of the two programs remain intact, but the new organizational structure is bringing value-added services to taxpayers.