Nature-based Solutions Evidence Platform

Posted on: 7/03/2023 - Updated on: 7/03/2023

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This is an interactive map linking nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation outcomes based on a systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature.

Nature-based solutions (NbS) are actions to protect, conserve, restore, sustainably use, and manage natural or modified terrestrial, freshwater, coastal, and marine ecosystems that address social, economic, and environmental challenges effectively and adaptively while simultaneously providing human well-being, ecosystem services and resilience, and biodiversity benefits.

Conservation International and Nature-based Solutions Initiative worked together to prepare a typology of NbS for climate adaptation that identifies specific nature-based solutions (e.g., restoration, management) implemented in specific ecosystems (e.g., tropical forests, rangelands, mangroves) shown to be effective in reducing specific climate impacts (e.g., landslides, mudslides, droughts, coastal erosion) and a matrix that presents that information.

Aim: To consolidate the large dispersed evidence-base on the effectiveness of NbS for addressing climate change impacts and to make it available as an open-source, dynamic, and updatable user-friendly online platform.

Specific objectives:

  1. To allow decision-makers to rapidly identify articles that report effects of nature-based interventions on climate impacts across a range of ecosystem types and geographies
  2. To highlight synergies and/or trade-offs between climate impact reduction and greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation, and/or ecological and social outcomes
  3. To highlight knowledge gaps to steer future research

With the Nature-based Solutions Evidence Platform tool, users can:

  1. Explore evidence on how effective different nature-based interventions are for addressing climate change impacts
  2. Compare social, economic, and ecological effects of different nature-based interventions
  3. Filter by region, country, ecosystem type, intervention type, or type of outcome
  4. Generate maps, graphs and download data
  5. Directly link from science to national climate policy


Policymakers, adaptation practitioners, decision-makers

Managing Organizations

Conservation International (CI) works to ensure a healthy and productive planet for us all.

Yet economic and infrastructure development, which are so necessary for human well-being, can also have serious impacts on nature. That is why CI is working at every level – from remote villages to the offices of presidents and premiers – to help move whole societies toward a smarter development path.

Founded in 2017, the Nature-based Solutions Initiative is an interdisciplinary programme of research, education and policy advice based in the Department of Biology at the University of Oxford. Its mission is to enhance understanding of the potential of nature-based solutions to address multiple global challenges whilst supporting the health of ecosystems and respecting the rights of Indigenous Peoples and local communities. 

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